HOUSE JOINT RESOLUTION 20
50th legislature - STATE OF NEW MEXICO - first session, 2011
Dennis J. Kintigh
A JOINT RESOLUTION
PROPOSING AN AMENDMENT TO THE CONSTITUTION OF NEW MEXICO TO ELIMINATE THE RIGHT TO BAIL AND TO PROVIDE THAT A COURT MAY GRANT OR DENY BAIL BASED UPON FLIGHT RISK, DANGER TO THE COMMUNITY, NATURE OF THE OFFENSE AND OTHER FACTORS PROVIDED BY LAW; ELIMINATING THE PRESUMPTION OF NO BAIL FOR CAPITAL OFFENSES; ELIMINATING THE PROHIBITION ON EXCESSIVE BAIL, EXCESSIVE FINES AND CRUEL AND UNUSUAL PUNISHMENT; ELIMINATING EXPEDITED APPEAL FROM AN ORDER DENYING BAIL.
BE IT RESOLVED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF NEW MEXICO:
SECTION 1. It is proposed to amend Article 2, Section 13 of the constitution of New Mexico to read:
"[All persons shall, before conviction, be bailable by sufficient sureties, except for capital offenses when the proof is evident or the presumption great and in situations in which bail is specifically prohibited by this section. Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishment inflicted.
Bail may be denied by the district court for a period of sixty days after the incarceration of the defendant by an order entered within seven days after the incarceration, in the following instances:
A. the defendant is accused of a felony and has previously been convicted of two or more felonies, within the state, which felonies did not arise from the same transaction or a common transaction with the case at bar;
B. the defendant is accused of a felony involving the use of a deadly weapon and has a prior felony conviction, within the state. The period for incarceration without bail may be extended by any period of time by which trial is delayed by a motion for a continuance made by or on behalf of the defendant. An appeal from an order denying bail shall be given preference over all other matters.] Bail may be granted or denied for a defendant charged with a crime and shall be based on the flight risk of the defendant, the nature and seriousness of the offense, the danger to any person or the community that would be posed by the defendant's release and other factors as provided by law."
SECTION 2. The amendment proposed by this resolution shall be submitted to the people for their approval or rejection at the next general election or at any special election prior to that date that may be called for that purpose.
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