SENATE BILL 268
49th legislature - STATE OF NEW MEXICO - first session, 2009
Mary Jane M. Garcia
RELATING TO HUMAN TRAFFICKING; PROVIDING ASSISTANCE TO HUMAN TRAFFICKING VICTIMS; CREATING A CAUSE OF ACTION FOR HUMAN TRAFFICKING VICTIMS; EXPANDING STATE ASSISTANCE; EXPANDING THE DUTIES OF THE TASK FORCE TO COMBAT HUMAN TRAFFICKING; INCLUDING HUMAN TRAFFICKING IN THE CRIME VICTIMS REPARATION ACT.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF NEW MEXICO:
Section 1. A new section of Chapter 30, Article 52 NMSA 1978 is enacted to read:
"[NEW MATERIAL] ASSISTANCE TO HUMAN TRAFFICKING VICTIMS.--The prosecuting authority shall take all reasonable steps within its authority to provide a human trafficking victim with:
A. all necessary documentation required pursuant to federal law for an adjustment of immigration status that applies to that victim; and
B. assistance in accessing civil legal services providers who are able to petition for adjustment of immigration status on behalf of the victim."
Section 2. A new section of Chapter 30, Article 52 NMSA 1978 is enacted to read:
"[NEW MATERIAL] CIVIL ACTION FOR HUMAN TRAFFICKING VICTIMS.--
A. A human trafficking victim may bring a civil action in any court of competent jurisdiction for actual damages, compensatory damages, punitive damages, injunctive relief or any other appropriate relief. Where the court finds that a defendant's actions were willful and malicious, the court may award treble damages to the plaintiff. A prevailing plaintiff is also entitled to recover reasonable attorney fees and costs.
B. A civil action pursuant to this section shall be forever barred unless the action is filed within ten years from the date on which:
(1) the defendant's human trafficking actions occurred; or
(2) the victim attains eighteen years of age if the victim was a minor when the defendant's actions occurred."
Section 3. Section 30-52-2 NMSA 1978 (being Laws 2008, Chapter 17, Section 2) is amended to read:
"30-52-2. HUMAN TRAFFICKING--BENEFITS AND SERVICES FOR HUMAN TRAFFICKING VICTIMS.--
A. Human trafficking victims found in the state shall be eligible for benefits and services from the state until the victim qualifies for benefits and services authorized by the federal Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000; provided that the victim cooperates in the investigation or prosecution of the person charged with the crime of human trafficking. Benefits and services shall be provided to eligible human trafficking victims regardless of immigration status and may include:
(1) case management;
(2) emergency temporary housing;
(3) health care;
(4) mental health counseling;
(5) drug addiction screening and treatment;
(6) language interpretation, translation
services and English language instruction;
(7) job training, job placement assistance and post-employment services for job retention;
(8) child care;
(9) legal assistance;
(10) state-funded cash assistance;
[(8)] (11) services to assist the victim and the victim's family members; or
[(9)] (12) other general assistance services and benefits as determined by the children, youth and families department or the human services department.
B. As used in this section, "human trafficking victim" means a person subjected to human trafficking by a person charged in New Mexico with the crime of human trafficking."
Section 4. Section 30-52-3 NMSA 1978 (being Laws 2008, Chapter 17, Section 3) is amended to read:
"30-52-3. [TEMPORARY PROVISION] TASK FORCE TO COMBAT HUMAN TRAFFICKING--MEMBERSHIP--DUTIES.--
A. The "task force to combat human trafficking" is created. The task force shall consist of the following members:
(1) the attorney general or the attorney general's designee;
(2) the secretary of health or the secretary's designee;
(3) the secretary of children, youth and families or the secretary's designee;
(4) the secretary of public safety or the secretary's designee;
(5) the chief public defender or the chief public defender's designee;
(6) a representative from the New Mexico district attorney's association;
(7) representatives of local law enforcement and state police from critical geographic areas of New Mexico affected by immigrant issues and human trafficking problems; and
(8) representatives from organizations that provide services to victims of human trafficking, including immigrants and immigrant victims of sexual assault and domestic violence.
B. The task force shall:
(1) collaborate with the United States attorney for the district of New Mexico, the United States border patrol and the United States immigration and customs enforcement to carry out the duties of the task force;
(2) collect and organize data on the nature and extent of human trafficking in New Mexico;
(3) collect and organize data on the interrelationship between human trafficking and the incidence of disabilities and determine the availability of disabilities services to human trafficking victims;
[(3)] (4) monitor and evaluate the implementation of [this 2008 act] Chapter 30, Article 52 NMSA 1978, including the progress of federal, state and local law enforcement agencies in preventing human trafficking, protecting and providing assistance to victims of human trafficking and prosecuting human trafficking offenders;
[(4)] (5) develop and conduct training for law enforcement personnel and victims services providers to identify victims of human trafficking;
[(5)] (6) examine the training protocols developed by federal, state and local law enforcement agencies related to dealing with human trafficking victims and offenders;
[(6)] (7) assist in coordinating federal, state and local government agencies in the implementation of [this 2008 act] Chapter 30, Article 52 NMSA 1978;
[(7)] (8) implement a media awareness campaign in communities affected by human trafficking;
[(8)] (9) develop recommendations on how to strengthen state and local efforts to prevent human trafficking, protect and assist human trafficking victims and prosecute human trafficking offenders; and
[(9)] (10) submit an annual report of its activities, findings and recommendations, including any proposed legislation, in December of each year to the governor and the legislature.
C. The chair of the task force shall be the attorney general or the attorney general's designee, and the task force shall meet at the call of the chair.
D. The public members of the task force are entitled to per diem and mileage as provided in the Per Diem and Mileage Act and shall receive no other perquisite, compensation or allowance.
E. The attorney general shall provide the staff for the task force.
F. The task force to combat human trafficking is terminated on July 1, 2016."
Section 5. Section 31-22-8 NMSA 1978 (being Laws 1981, Chapter 325, Section 8, as amended) is amended to read:
"31-22-8. CRIMES ENUMERATED.--
A. The crimes to which the Crime Victims Reparation Act applies and for which reparation to victims may be made are the following enumerated offenses and all other offenses in which any enumerated offense is necessarily included:
(1) arson resulting in bodily injury;
(2) aggravated arson;
(3) aggravated assault or aggravated battery;
(4) dangerous use of explosives;
(5) negligent use of a deadly weapon;
(7) voluntary manslaughter;
(8) involuntary manslaughter;
(10) criminal sexual penetration;
(11) criminal sexual contact of a minor;
(12) homicide by vehicle or great bodily injury by vehicle, as provided in Section 66-8-101 NMSA 1978;
(13) abandonment or abuse of a child;
(14) aggravated indecent exposure, as provided in Section 30-9-14.3 NMSA 1978; [and]
(15) aggravated stalking, as provided in Section 30-3A-3.1 NMSA 1978; and
(16) human trafficking.
B. No award shall be made for any loss or damage to property."
Section 6. EFFECTIVE DATE.--The effective date of the provisions of this act is July 1, 2009.
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