HOUSE BILL 40
54th legislature - STATE OF NEW MEXICO - first session, 2019
Miguel P. Garcia
RELATING TO CRIME; ENACTING THE GUN SHOW FIREARM TRANSFER ACT; REQUIRING CRIMINAL BACKGROUND CHECKS ON GUN TRANSFERS BETWEEN CERTAIN PERSONS; PROVIDING EXCEPTIONS; PROVIDING PENALTIES; PROVIDING A CONTINGENT REPEAL.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF NEW MEXICO:
SECTION 1. [NEW MATERIAL] SHORT TITLE.--This act may be cited as the "Gun Show Firearm Transfer Act".
SECTION 2. [NEW MATERIAL] DEFINITIONS.--As used in the Gun Show Firearm Transfer Act:
A. "federal firearms licensee" means a person who is engaged in the business, as defined in 18 U.S.C. 921, of selling, leasing or otherwise transferring a firearm and who is licensed for that business by the United States attorney general pursuant to 18 U.S.C. 923;
B. "firearm" means a weapon that will or is designed to or may readily be converted to expel a projectile by the action of an explosive; the frame or receiver of any such weapon; or a firearm muffler or firearm silencer. "Firearm" includes a handgun, rifle or shotgun;
C. "gun show" means an event at which more than twenty-five firearms are on site and available for transfer; and
D. "transfer" means the sale, lease, delivery or other passing of possession or control of a firearm. "Transfer" does not include the temporary conveyance of a firearm to a potential transferee for the limited purpose of inspection of the firearm when the firearm vendor is present during the inspection.
SECTION 3. [NEW MATERIAL] GUN SHOW TRANSFER--BACKGROUND CHECK--NOTICE.--
A. A vendor at a gun show, who is not a federal firearms licensee, shall not transfer or attempt to transfer a firearm to another person who is not a federal firearms licensee or the holder of a current and valid concealed handgun license issued or recognized by the department of public safety pursuant to the Concealed Handgun Carry Act unless the transfer is conducted through the services of a federal firearms licensee. The federal firearms licensee shall conduct the federal firearm transfer background check required by federal law and complete the paperwork required for that check.
B. If the background check conducted pursuant to Subsection A of this section reveals that the potential transferee is prohibited from receiving a firearm, the federal firearms licensee shall inform the vendor and the potential transferee of that fact and the transfer shall not take place. The firearm shall be returned to the vendor.
C. The person responsible for organizing or promoting a gun show, as reflected on promotional material or advertising for the gun show, shall:
(1) arrange for one or more federal firearms licensees to be on the premises of the gun show to obtain the background checks required by this section. The arrangement may include a fee, not to exceed twenty-five dollars ($25.00) per transfer, for a licensee's service; and
(2) prominently display at the immediate entrance to the gun show venue and within that venue signs providing notice to gun show participants of the background check requirements of this section and the fee to be charged, if any.
SECTION 4. [NEW MATERIAL] EXCEPTION FROM BACKGROUND CHECK REQUIREMENT.--The provisions of Section 3 of the Gun Show Firearm Transfer Act requiring a background check do not apply to the transfer of an antique or relic firearm. For the purpose of this section, "antique or relic firearm" means a matchlock, flintlock, percussion cap or similar type of ignition system firearm manufactured in or before 1898, a replica of those firearms or a muzzle loading rifle, shotgun or pistol designed to use black powder or black powder substitute; but "antique or relic firearm" does not mean a firearm listed in this section that uses or can readily be converted to use fixed ammunition.
SECTION 5. [NEW MATERIAL] IMMUNITY.--A transferor or federal firearms licensee who fulfills the provisions of Section 3 of the Gun Show Firearm Transfer Act for the transfer of a firearm is immune from civil liability from the time of the transfer for any use of the firearm, unless the transferor or federal firearms licensee knows, or reasonably should know, that the transferee:
A. is likely to commit an unlawful act involving the firearm; or
B. intends to deliver the firearm to a third person who the transferor or federal firearms licensee knows, or reasonably should know, is prohibited from purchasing or receiving the firearm.
SECTION 6. [NEW MATERIAL] UNLAWFULLY TRANSFERRING A FIREARM AT A GUN SHOW--PENALTY.--
A. A person commits the crime of unlawfully transferring a firearm at a gun show if the person transfers or receives a firearm or attempts to transfer or receive a firearm without the firearm transfer background check required by Section 3 of the Gun Show Firearm Transfer Act or if the person transfers or receives a firearm or attempts to transfer or receive a firearm after the background check reveals that the transferee is prohibited from receiving a firearm.
B. A person who commits the crime of unlawfully transferring a firearm at a gun show is guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be sentenced pursuant to the provisions of Section 31-19-1 NMSA 1978.
SECTION 7. [NEW MATERIAL] FAILURE TO ARRANGE FOR FEDERAL FIREARMS LICENSEE OR TO PROVIDE NOTICE.--A person who fails to arrange for a federal firearms licensee to be on the premises of a gun show or who fails to display the notice at a gun show as required by the Gun Show Firearm Transfer Act is guilty of a petty misdemeanor and shall be sentenced pursuant to the provisions of Section 31-19-1 NMSA 1978.
SECTION 8. [NEW MATERIAL] CONSTRUCTION OF GUN SHOW FIREARM TRANSFER ACT--PUBLIC RECORDS INSPECTION.--
A. Nothing in the Gun Show Firearm Transfer Act shall be construed to require or authorize an agency, officer or agent of the state or a political subdivision of the state to compile or maintain a registry, roster, list or other compilation of firearms transfers or firearms owners from any record required to be created or kept by the Gun Show Firearm Transfer Act. This section shall not prohibit disclosure or access to a firearms transfer record for a criminal investigation.
B. No record created or maintained pursuant to the Gun Show Firearm Transfer Act shall be subject to inspection or disclosure pursuant to the Inspection of Public Records Act.
SECTION 9. CONTINGENT REPEAL.--Sections 1 through 8 of this act are repealed on the effective date of a federal law:
A. requiring a background check for the transfer of a firearm, other than a firearm defined in 26 U.S.C. 5845(a), between two persons who are not federal firearms licensees and who reside in the same state, whether or not the transfer takes place at a gun show, which requirement shall be certified by the secretary of public safety and sent to the director of the legislative council service and the New Mexico compilation commission; or
B. that expressly preempts the state from enforcing the provisions of Sections 1 through 8 of this act, which preemption shall be certified by the secretary of public safety to the director of the legislative council service and the New Mexico compilation commission.
SECTION 10. EFFECTIVE DATE.--The effective date of the provisions of this act is July 1, 2019.
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