HOUSE BILL 590
54th legislature - STATE OF NEW MEXICO - first session, 2019
Christine Chandler and Susan K. Herrera and Joseph L. Sanchez
RELATING TO PROPERTY TAX VALUATION; LIMITING THE VALUATION BY THE TAXATION AND REVENUE DEPARTMENT OF CERTAIN PROPERTY USED BY THE OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY TO THAT PROPERTY REGULATED BY THE FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION; REQUIRING A COUNTY ASSESSOR TO VALUE THE PROPERTY NOT REGULATED BY THAT FEDERAL COMMISSION; LIMITING A SPECIAL METHOD OF VALUATION FOR CERTAIN PROPERTY USED BY THE OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY TO THAT PROPERTY REGULATED BY THE FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF NEW MEXICO:
SECTION 1. Section 7-36-2 NMSA 1978 (being Laws 1973, Chapter 258, Section 14, as amended) is amended to read:
"7-36-2. ALLOCATION OF RESPONSIBILITY FOR VALUATION AND DETERMINING CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY FOR PROPERTY TAXATION PURPOSES--COUNTY ASSESSOR AND DEPARTMENT.--
A. The county assessor is responsible and has the authority for the valuation of all property subject to valuation for property taxation purposes in the county except the property specified by Subsections B and C of this section.
B. The department is responsible and has the authority for the valuation of all property subject to valuation for property taxation purposes and used in the conduct of the following businesses:
(2) communications system as that term is defined in Section 7-36-30 NMSA 1978;
(3) pipeline, plants and equipment regulated by the federal energy regulatory commission;
(4) public utility; and
C. The department is responsible and has the authority for the valuation of property subject to valuation for property taxation purposes when that property is:
(1) an electricity generating plant, whether or not owned by a public utility, if all or part of the electricity is generated for ultimate sale to the consuming public;
(2) mineral property and property held or used in connection with mineral property as defined in Sections 7-36-22 through 7-36-25 NMSA 1978; or
(3) machinery, equipment and other personal property of all resident and nonresident persons customarily engaged in construction that involves the use during a tax year of the machinery, equipment and other personal property in more than one county. For the purposes of this paragraph, "construction" means leveling or clearing land, excavating earth, drilling wells of any type, including seismograph shot holes or core drilling, or similar work, or building, altering, repairing or demolishing any:
(a) road, highway, bridge, parking area or related project;
(b) building, fence, stadium or other structure;
(c) airport, subway or similar facility;
(d) park, trail, athletic field, golf course or similar facility;
(e) dam, reservoir, canal, ditch or similar facility;
(f) sewerage, [or] water treatment facility or water pipeline;
(g) power generating plant, pump station, natural gas compressing station, gas processing plant, coal gasification plant, refinery, distillery or similar facility regulated by the federal energy regulatory commission;
[(g)] (h) sewerage, water, gas or other pipeline;
[(h)] (i) transmission line;
[(i)] (j) radio, television or other tower;
[(j)] (k) water, oil or other storage tank;
[(k)] (l) shaft, tunnel or other mining appurtenance; or
[(l)] (m) similar work.
D. The entity having responsibility and authority for valuing the property described in Subsections A through C of this section shall also have responsibility and authority for classifying that property as either residential or nonresidential under the provisions of Section 7-36-2.1 NMSA 1978.
E. The secretary by regulation may delegate authority to the county assessor for the valuation and classification of property subject to valuation for property taxation purposes for which the department is responsible pursuant to Subsections B through D of this section only if:
(1) the property is held or used in connection with the transmission, storage, measurement or distribution of water and the transmission, storage, measurement and distribution is conducted by a single person entirely within a single county; or
(2) the property is held or used in connection with a communications system as defined in Section 7-36-30 NMSA 1978 and the system operates entirely within a single county.
F. The department is authorized to enter into one or more agreements with each county assessor, subject to approval of each agreement by the appropriate board of county commissioners, under which the county assessor agrees to perform the valuation of property for which the department is responsible under Subsection B or C of this section [but which property is not subject to the special methods of valuation set forth in Sections 7-36-27, 7-36-28 and 7-36-30 through 7-36-32 NMSA 1978]."
SECTION 2. Section 7-36-27 NMSA 1978 (being Laws 1975, Chapter 165, Section 8, as amended) is amended to read:
"7-36-27. SPECIAL METHOD OF VALUATION--PIPELINES, TANKS, SALES METERS AND PLANTS REGULATED BY THE FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION AND USED IN THE PROCESSING, GATHERING, TRANSMISSION, STORAGE, MEASUREMENT OR DISTRIBUTION OF OIL, NATURAL GAS, CARBON DIOXIDE OR LIQUID HYDROCARBONS.--
A. All pipelines, tanks, sales meters and plants used in the processing, gathering, transmission, storage, measurement or distribution of oil, natural gas, carbon dioxide or liquid hydrocarbons subject to valuation for property taxation purposes and regulation by the federal energy regulatory commission shall be valued in accordance with the provisions of this section.
B. As used in this section:
(1) "construction work in progress" means the total of the balances of work orders for pipelines, plants, large industrial sales meters and tanks, in the process of construction on the last day of the preceding calendar year, exclusive of land and land rights and equipment, machinery or devices that are used or are available for use to construct pipelines, plants, large industrial sales meters and tanks but that are not incorporated into the pipelines, plants, large industrial sales meters or tanks;
(2) "depreciation" means straight line depreciation over the useful life of the item of property;
[(3) "direct customer distribution pipeline" means a low or intermediate pressure distribution system pipeline of four inches or smaller diameter situated in urban areas;
(4)] (3) "economic obsolescence" means, with respect to valuation for property taxation purposes, loss in value of a property caused by unfavorable economic influences or factors outside of the property; "economic obsolescence" is a loss in value in addition to a loss in value attributable to physical depreciation;
[(5)] (4) "functional obsolescence" means, with respect to valuation for property taxation purposes, loss in value of a property caused by functional inadequacies or deficiencies caused by factors within the property; "functional obsolescence" is a loss in value in addition to a loss in value attributable to physical depreciation;
[(6)] (5) "large industrial sales meter" means a sales meter [having] regulated by the federal energy regulatory commission that has an installed tangible property cost in excess of two thousand five hundred dollars ($2,500);
[(7)] (6) "other justifiable factors" includes, but is not limited to, functional obsolescence and economic obsolescence;
[(8)] (7) "pipeline" means all pipe regulated by the federal energy regulatory commission and associated appurtenances and devices used in systems for gathering, transmission or distribution, but excludes sales meters, a pipeline operated exclusively for and constituting a part of a plant; [and a direct customer distribution pipeline;
(9)] (8) "plant" means any refinery, gasoline plant, extraction plant, purification plant, compressor or pumping station or similar plant regulated by the federal energy regulatory commission, including all structures, equipment, pipes and other related facilities, excluding residential housing, office buildings and warehouses;
[(10)] (9) "sales meter" means [the] a meter regulated by the federal energy regulatory commission and the associated regulator and all appurtenances and devices used for measuring sales to customers and includes the service pipe to the customer's property line from the point of connection with the pipeline;
[(11)] (10) "schedule value" means a fixed value of an individual property unit within a mass of similar or like units established by determining the total tangible property cost of a substantial sample of such property and deducting therefrom an average related accumulated provision for depreciation and allocating a proportionate part of the remainder to individual taxable property units;
[(12)] (11) "tangible property cost" means the actual cost of acquisition or construction of property, excluding construction work in progress, including additions, retirements, adjustments and transfers, but without deduction of related accumulated provision for depreciation, amortization or other purposes and excluding any amount attributable to oil or gas reserves dedicated to such item of property; and
[(13)] (12) "tank" means any storage tank or container, other than a natural reservoir, regulated by the federal energy regulatory commission and used for storage that is not a component part of a plant.
C. Sales meters, other than large industrial sales meters, shall be valued as follows:
(1) the department may periodically determine the average tangible property cost of a substantial sample of sales meters in general use in the state;
(2) such average tangible property cost shall then be reduced by the average related accumulated provision for depreciation applicable to the sample of sales meters; and
(3) from the determinations pursuant to Paragraphs (1) and (2) of this subsection, a schedule of value for sales meters for property taxation purposes shall be determined and set forth in a rule adopted by the department.
D. Pipelines, direct customer distribution pipelines, large industrial sales meters, tanks and plants shall be valued as follows:
(1) the [valuation authority] department shall first establish the tangible property cost of each item of property;
(2) from such tangible property cost shall be deducted the related accumulated provision for depreciation and any other justifiable factors that further affect the tangible property value of each item of property; and
(3) notwithstanding the determination of value for property taxation purposes in Paragraphs (1) and (2) of this subsection, the value for property taxation purposes of each item of property valued under this subsection shall not be less than twenty percent of the tangible property cost of such item of property.
E. Construction work in progress shall be valued at fifty percent of the amount expended and entered upon the accounting records of the taxpayer as of December 31 of the preceding year as construction work in progress.
F. Each item of property having a taxable situs in the state and valued under this section shall have its net taxable value allocated to the governmental units in which the property is located.
G. A reduction in value asserted by a taxpayer as attributable to economic obsolescence or functional obsolescence shall contain an obsolescence factor along with a brief statement of the facts that support the reduction, together with supporting documentation. The documentation may include items such as monthly throughput volumes from the prior year; comparisons to a documented industry standard; comparisons to a close competitor; and an engineer's or appraiser's valuation. The department may adopt rules that include other types of objective evidence of functional obsolescence or economic obsolescence.
H. If the department determines that a taxpayer has not established, based on the brief statement of facts and the supporting documentation provided, that the reduction for functional obsolescence or economic obsolescence is in accordance with the law or rules adopted by the department, the department shall notify the taxpayer of the department's determination in writing setting forth the reasons for its determination and specifying the supporting information that the department requires. The department shall provide the [notice by April 1 or thirty days after the return is filed but no later than April 15 of the tax year. If the taxpayer does not file the report by March 15 of the property tax year, the department shall not be required to furnish a timely notice of deficiency by April 15 of the property tax year. In the case of properties regulated by the federal energy regulatory commission, the] notice of deficiency [shall be provided] to the taxpayer within fifteen days after the filing of the report and the taxpayer shall then have ten days within which to correct the deficiency.
I. The department shall adopt rules to implement the provisions of this section."
SECTION 3. APPLICABILITY.--The provisions of this act apply to property tax years beginning on or after January 1, 2020.
- 11 -