HOUSE BILL 113
54th legislature - STATE OF NEW MEXICO - second session, 2020
William "Bill" R. Rehm and Gregg Schmedes and Candace Gould
RELATING TO CRIMINAL LAW; PROVIDING THAT THE PENALTY FOR A FELON IN POSSESSION OF A FIREARM OR DESTRUCTIVE DEVICE IS A THIRD DEGREE FELONY; CHANGING THE DEFINITION OF "FELON".
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF NEW MEXICO:
SECTION 1. Section 30-7-16 NMSA 1978 (being Laws 1981, Chapter 225, Section 1, as amended) is amended to read:
"30-7-16. FIREARMS OR DESTRUCTIVE DEVICES--RECEIPT, TRANSPORTATION OR POSSESSION BY CERTAIN PERSONS--PENALTY.--
A. It is unlawful for the following persons to receive, transport or possess a firearm or destructive device in this state:
(1) a felon;
(2) a person subject to an order of protection pursuant to Section 40-13-5 or 40-13A-5 NMSA 1978; or
(3) a person convicted of any of the following crimes:
(a) battery against a household member pursuant to Section 30-3-15 NMSA 1978;
(b) criminal damage to property of a household member pursuant to Section 30-3-18 NMSA 1978;
(c) a first offense of stalking pursuant to Section 30-3A-3 NMSA 1978; or
(d) a crime listed in 18 U.S.C. 921.
B. A felon found in possession of a firearm shall be guilty of a [fourth] third degree felony and shall be sentenced in accordance with the provisions of the Criminal Sentencing Act [provided that the violation of and the sentence imposed pursuant to this subsection shall be increased to a violation of and the sentence for a third degree felony if the person has previously been convicted of a capital felony or a serious violent offense provided in Paragraph (4) of Subsection L of Section 33-2-34 NMSA 1978].
C. Any person subject to an order of protection pursuant to Section 40-13-5 or 40-13A-5 NMSA 1978 or convicted of a crime listed in Paragraph (3) of Subsection A of this section who receives, transports or possesses a firearm or destructive device is guilty of a misdemeanor.
D. As used in this section:
(1) except as provided in Paragraph (2) of this subsection, "destructive device" means:
(a) any explosive, incendiary or poison gas: 1) bomb; 2) grenade; 3) rocket having a propellant charge of more than four ounces; 4) missile having an explosive or incendiary charge of more than one-fourth ounce; 5) mine; or 6) similar device;
(b) any type of weapon by whatever name known that will, or that may be readily converted to, expel a projectile by the action of an explosive or other propellant, the barrel or barrels of which have a bore of more than one-half inch in diameter, except a shotgun or shotgun shell that is generally recognized as particularly suitable for sporting purposes; or
(c) any combination of parts either designed or intended for use in converting any device into a destructive device as defined in this paragraph and from which a destructive device may be readily assembled;
(2) the term "destructive device" does not include any device that is neither designed nor redesigned for use as a weapon or any device, although originally designed for use as a weapon, that is redesigned for use as a signaling, pyrotechnic, line throwing, safety or similar device;
(3) "felon" means a person convicted of a felony offense by a court of the United States or of any state or political subdivision thereof and:
[(a) less than ten years have passed since the person completed serving a sentence or period of probation for the felony conviction, whichever is later;
(b)] (a) the person has not been pardoned for the felony conviction by the proper authority; and
[(c)] (b) the person has not received a deferred sentence; and
(4) "firearm" means any weapon that will or is designed to or may readily be converted to expel a projectile by the action of an explosion or the frame or receiver of any such weapon."
SECTION 2. EFFECTIVE DATE.--The effective date of the provisions of this act is July 1, 2020.
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