SENATE JOINT RESOLUTION 10
54th legislature - STATE OF NEW MEXICO - second session, 2020
Cliff R. Pirtle
A JOINT RESOLUTION
PROPOSING AN AMENDMENT TO ARTICLE 4, SECTION 1 OF THE CONSTITUTION OF NEW MEXICO TO PROVIDE THAT A LAW ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE MAY BE REPEALED BY RESOLUTIONS OF THREE-FOURTHS OF THE COUNTIES IN THE STATE EXPRESSING OBJECTION TO THE LAW AND ASSENTING TO ITS REPEAL.
BE IT RESOLVED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF NEW MEXICO:
SECTION 1. It is proposed to amend Article 4, Section 1 of the constitution of New Mexico to read:
"A. The legislative power shall be vested in a senate and house of representatives, which shall be designated the legislature of the state of New Mexico, and shall hold its sessions at the seat of government.
B. The people reserve the power to disapprove, suspend and annul any law enacted by the legislature, except general appropriation laws; laws providing for the preservation of the public peace, health or safety; for the payment of the public debt or interest thereon, or the creation or funding of the same, except as in this constitution otherwise provided; for the maintenance of the public schools or state institutions, and local or special laws. Petitions disapproving any law other than those above excepted, enacted at the last preceding session of the legislature, shall be filed with the secretary of state not less than four months prior to the next general election. Such petitions shall be signed by not less than ten [per centum] percent of the qualified electors of each of three-fourths of the counties and in the aggregate by not less than ten [per centum] percent of the qualified electors of the state, as shown by the total number of votes cast at the last preceding general election. The question of the approval or rejection of such law shall be submitted by the secretary of state to the electorate at the next general election; and if a majority of the legal votes cast thereon, and not less than forty [per centum] percent of the total number of legal votes cast at such general election, be cast for the rejection of such law, it shall be annulled and thereby repealed with the same effect as if the legislature had then repealed it, and such repeal shall revive any law repealed by the act so annulled; otherwise, it shall remain in force unless subsequently repealed by the legislature. If such petition or petitions be signed by not less than twenty-five [per centum] percent of the qualified electors under each of the foregoing conditions, and be filed with the secretary of state within ninety days after the adjournment of the session of the legislature at which such law was enacted, the operation thereof shall be thereupon suspended and the question of its approval or rejection shall be likewise submitted to a vote at the next ensuing general election. If a majority of the votes cast thereon and not less than forty [per centum] percent of the total number of votes cast at such general election be cast for its rejection, it shall be thereby annulled; otherwise, it shall go into effect upon publication of the certificate of the secretary of state declaring the result of the vote thereon. It shall be a felony for any person to sign any such petition with any name other than [his] the person's own, or to sign [his] the person's own name more than once for the same measure, or to sign such petition when [he] the person is not a qualified elector in the county specified in such petition; provided, that nothing herein shall be construed to prohibit the writing thereon of the name of any person who cannot write, and who signs the same with [his] the person's mark. The legislature shall enact laws necessary for the effective exercise of the power hereby reserved.
C. Notwithstanding the provisions of Subsection B of this section, a law enacted by the legislature shall be annulled and thereby repealed with the same effect as if the legislature had repealed the law if, within ninety days after adjournment of the legislative session in which the law was enacted, three-fourths of the total number of counties by duly passed resolutions of their boards of county commissioners express their objection to the law and assent to its repeal and thereafter file those resolutions with the secretary of state.
D. If, within the time period described in Subsection C of this section, the secretary of state has received resolutions passed by the board of county commissioners of three-fourths or more of the total number of counties, the secretary of state shall publish a certificate stating that the requisite number of county resolutions have been filed, that therefore the law that is the subject of the resolutions is annulled and thereby repealed and that the repeal revives any law that was repealed or amended by the law that was annulled."
SECTION 2. The amendment proposed by this resolution shall be submitted to the people for their approval or rejection at the next general election or at any special election prior to that date that may be called for that purpose.
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