HOUSE BILL 34

55th legislature - STATE OF NEW MEXICO - second session, 2022

INTRODUCED BY

Joanne J. Ferrary and William P. Soules

 

 

 

 

 

AN ACT

RELATING TO TAXATION; EXTENDING THE NEW SOLAR MARKET DEVELOPMENT INCOME TAX CREDIT; INCREASING THE ANNUAL AGGREGATE CAP FOR THE CREDIT; MAKING THE CREDIT REFUNDABLE.

 

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF NEW MEXICO:

     SECTION 1. Section 7-2-18.31 NMSA 1978 (being Laws 2020, Chapter 13, Section 1) is amended to read:

     "7-2-18.31. NEW SOLAR MARKET DEVELOPMENT INCOME TAX CREDIT.--

          A. For taxable years prior to January 1, [2028] 2032, a taxpayer who is not a dependent of another individual and who, on or after March 1, 2020, purchases and installs a solar thermal system or a photovoltaic system in a residence, business or agricultural enterprise in New Mexico owned by that taxpayer, may apply for, and the department may allow, a credit against the taxpayer's tax liability imposed pursuant to the Income Tax Act in an amount provided in Subsection C of this section. The tax credit provided by this section may be referred to as the "new solar market development income tax credit".

          B. The purpose of the new solar market development income tax credit is to encourage the installation of solar thermal and photovoltaic systems in residences, businesses and agricultural enterprises.

          C. The department may allow a new solar market development income tax credit of ten percent of the purchase and installation costs of a solar thermal or photovoltaic system.

          D. The new solar market development income tax credit shall not exceed six thousand dollars ($6,000) per taxpayer per taxable year. The department shall allow a tax credit only for solar thermal and photovoltaic systems certified pursuant to Subsection E of this section.

          E. A taxpayer shall apply for certification of eligibility for the new solar market development income tax credit from the energy, minerals and natural resources department on forms and in the manner prescribed by that department. The aggregate amount of credits that may be certified as eligible in any calendar year is [eight million dollars ($8,000,000)] sixteen million dollars ($16,000,000). Completed applications shall be considered in the order received. Applications for certification received after this limitation has been met in a calendar year shall not be approved. The application shall include proof of purchase and installation of a solar thermal or photovoltaic system, that the system meets technical specifications and requirements relating to safety, code and standards compliance, solar collector orientation and sun exposure, minimum system sizes, system applications and lists of eligible components and any additional information that the energy, minerals and natural resources department may require to determine eligibility for the credit. A dated certificate of eligibility shall be issued to the taxpayer providing the amount of the new solar market development income tax credit for which the taxpayer is eligible and the taxable year in which the credit may be claimed.

          F. A taxpayer may claim a new solar market development income tax credit for the taxable year in which the taxpayer purchases and installs a solar thermal or photovoltaic system. To receive a new solar market development income tax credit, a taxpayer shall apply to the department on forms and in the manner prescribed by the department within twelve months following the calendar year in which the system was installed. The application shall include a certification made pursuant to Subsection E of this section.

          G. That portion of a new solar market development income tax credit that exceeds a taxpayer's tax liability in the taxable year in which the credit is claimed [may be carried forward for a maximum of five consecutive taxable years] shall be refunded to the taxpayer.

          H. Married individuals filing separate returns for a taxable year for which they could have filed a joint return may each claim only one-half of the new solar market development income tax credit that would have been claimed on a joint return.

          I. A taxpayer may be allocated the right to claim a new solar market development income tax credit in proportion to the taxpayer's ownership interest if the taxpayer owns an interest in a business entity that is taxed for federal income tax purposes as a partnership or limited liability company and that business entity has met all of the requirements to be eligible for the credit. The total credit claimed by all members of the partnership or limited liability company shall not exceed the allowable credit pursuant to this section.

          J. A taxpayer allowed a tax credit pursuant to this section shall report the amount of the credit to the taxation and revenue department in a manner required by that department.

          K. The taxation and revenue department shall compile an annual report on the new solar market development income tax credit that shall include the number of taxpayers approved by the department to receive the credit, the aggregate amount of credits approved and any other information necessary to evaluate the credit. The department shall present the report to the revenue stabilization and tax policy committee and the legislative finance committee with an analysis of the cost of the tax credit.

          L. As used in this section:

                (1) "photovoltaic system" means an energy system that collects or absorbs sunlight for conversion into electricity; and

                (2) "solar thermal system" means an energy system that collects or absorbs solar energy for conversion into heat for the purposes of space heating, space cooling or water heating."

     SECTION 2. APPLICABILITY.--The provisions of this act apply to taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2022.

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