HOUSE BILL 22
56th legislature - STATE OF NEW MEXICO - first session, 2023
Miguel P. Garcia
RELATING TO MOTOR VEHICLES; AUTHORIZING THE USE OF AUTOMATED TRAFFIC ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS FOR THE ISSUANCE OF CITATIONS FOR CERTAIN VIOLATIONS.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF NEW MEXICO:
SECTION 1. A new section of the Motor Vehicle Code is enacted to read:
"[NEW MATERIAL] AUTOMATED TRAFFIC ENFORCEMENT SYSTEM CITATIONS.--
A. A state or local law enforcement agency may use an automated traffic enforcement system to issue citations for alleged violations of a:
(1) speed regulation in a residential district;
(2) traffic-control signal's red light directive to stop; or
(3) traffic law in a school zone between the hours of 7:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m., only on school days.
B. Before issuing an automated traffic enforcement system citation, a law enforcement official shall inspect the image, video or data recorded or produced by the automated traffic enforcement system and swear that the violation occurred and that the automated traffic enforcement system was operating correctly at the date and time of the alleged violation.
C. Any image, video or data recorded or produced by an automated traffic enforcement system shall be used only for the purpose of issuing citations and shall not be used for any other purpose, surveillance or otherwise, except by court order issued by a court of competent jurisdiction.
D. Violations cited by an automated traffic enforcement system shall be considered a conviction against the driver's record and may be used for insurance purposes."
SECTION 2. Section 66-1-4.1 NMSA 1978 (being Laws 1990, Chapter 120, Section 2, as amended) is amended to read:
"66-1-4.1. DEFINITIONS.--As used in the Motor Vehicle Code:
A. "abandoned vehicle" means a vehicle or motor vehicle that has been determined by a New Mexico law enforcement agency:
(1) to have been left unattended on either public or private property for at least thirty days;
(2) not to have been reported stolen;
(3) not to have been claimed by any person asserting ownership; and
(4) not to have been shown by normal record-checking procedures to be owned by any person;
B. "access aisle" means a space designed to allow a person with a significant mobility limitation to safely exit and enter a motor vehicle that is immediately adjacent to a designated parking space for persons with significant mobility limitation and that may be common to two such parking spaces of at least sixty inches in width or, if the parking space is designed for van accessibility, ninety-six inches in width, and clearly marked and maintained with blue striping and, after January 1, 2011, the words "NO PARKING" in capital letters, each of which shall be at least one foot high and at least two inches wide, placed at the rear of the access aisle so as to be close to where an adjacent vehicle's rear tires would be placed;
C. "actual empty weight" means the weight of a vehicle without a load;
D. "additional place of business", for dealers and auto recyclers, means locations in addition to an established place of business as defined in Section 66-1-4.5 NMSA 1978 and meeting all the requirements of an established place of business, except Paragraph (5) of Subsection C of Section 66-1-4.5 NMSA 1978, but "additional place of business" does not mean a location used solely for storage and that is not used for wrecking, dismantling, sale or resale of vehicles;
E. "alcoholic beverages" means any and all distilled or rectified spirits, potable alcohol, brandy, whiskey, rum, gin, aromatic bitters or any similar alcoholic beverage, including all blended or fermented beverages, dilutions or mixtures of one or more of the foregoing containing more than one-half percent alcohol but excluding medicinal bitters;
F. "authorized emergency vehicle" means any fire department vehicle, police vehicle and ambulance and any emergency vehicles of municipal departments or public utilities that are designated or authorized as emergency vehicles by the director of the New Mexico state police division of the department of public safety or local authorities;
G. "autocycle" means a three-wheeled motorcycle on which the driver and all passengers ride in a completely or partially enclosed seating area and that is manufactured to comply with all applicable federal standards, regulations and laws and is equipped with:
(1) non-straddle seating;
(2) rollover protection;
(3) safety belts for all occupants;
(4) antilock brakes;
(5) a steering wheel; and
H. "automated driving system" means the hardware and software that are collectively capable of performing the entire dynamic driving task on a sustained basis, regardless of whether it is limited to a specific operational design domain; "automated driving system" is used specifically to describe a level three, four or five driving automation system as defined in society of automotive engineers standard J3016, as published in the Taxonomy and Definitions for Terms Related to Driving Automation Systems for On-Road Motor Vehicles;
I. "automated traffic enforcement system" means an electronic device, instrument or system with cameras or sensors that automatically records or produces an image, video or data of a motor vehicle whose driver violates a traffic law;
[I.] J. "autonomous commercial motor vehicle" means a commercial motor vehicle, as defined in Subsection J of Section 66-1-4.3 NMSA 1978, that is being controlled by an automated driving system;
[J.] K. "autonomous motor vehicle" means a motor vehicle that is being controlled by an automated driving system;
[K.] L. "autonomous motor vehicle operator" means the person who engages the automated driving system of an autonomous motor vehicle or autonomous commercial motor vehicle;
[L.] M. "autonomous motor vehicle testing" or "autonomous commercial motor vehicle testing" means activities taken in full or in part to evaluate and assess:
(1) the automated driving system's performance of the dynamic driving task; and
(2) the automated driving system's performance with respect to applicable safety areas as defined by the [federal] national highway traffic safety administration for autonomous vehicle operations; and
[M.] N. "auto recycler" means a person engaged in this state in an established business that includes acquiring vehicles that are required to be registered under the Motor Vehicle Code for the purpose of dismantling, wrecking, shredding, compacting, crushing or otherwise destroying vehicles for reclaimable parts or scrap material to sell."
SECTION 3. Section 66-7-9 NMSA 1978 (being Laws 1978, Chapter 35, Section 379, as amended) is amended to read:
"66-7-9. POWERS OF LOCAL AUTHORITIES.--
A. The provisions of the Motor Vehicle Code shall not be deemed to prevent local authorities, with respect to streets and highways under their jurisdiction and within the reasonable exercise of the police power, from:
(1) regulating the standing or parking of vehicles;
(2) regulating traffic by means of police officers or traffic-control signals;
(3) regulating or prohibiting processions or assemblages on the highways;
(4) designating particular highways as one-way highways and requiring that all vehicles thereon be moved in one specific direction;
(5) regulating the speed of vehicles in public parks;
(6) designating any highway as a through highway and requiring that all vehicles stop before entering or crossing it or designating any intersection as a stop intersection or a yield intersection and requiring all vehicles to stop or yield at one or more entrances to the intersection;
(7) restricting the use of highways as authorized in the Motor Vehicle Code;
(8) regulating the operation of bicycles and requiring their registration and licensing, including the requirement of a registration fee;
(9) regulating or prohibiting the turning of vehicles, or specified types of vehicles, at intersections;
(10) altering the maximum speed limits as authorized in the Motor Vehicle Code;
(11) adopting other traffic regulations as specifically authorized by the Motor Vehicle Code;
(12) regulating the operation of snowmobiles on public lands, waters and property under their jurisdiction and on streets and highways within their boundaries by resolution or ordinance of their governing bodies and by giving appropriate notice, if such regulation is not inconsistent with the provisions of Sections [66-9-1] 66-3-1001 through [66-9-13] 66-3-1020 NMSA 1978; [or]
(13) regulating the operation of golf carts on public lands and property under their jurisdiction and on streets and roads within their boundaries by resolution or ordinance of their governing bodies and requiring their registration and licensing, including the payment of a registration fee; provided, the resolution or ordinance shall:
(a) not permit operation of a golf cart on any state highway;
(b) require that the golf cart be in compliance with Section 66-3-887 NMSA 1978; and
(c) not be inconsistent with the provisions of Sections 66-3-1001 through [66-3-1016] 66-3-1020 NMSA 1978; or
(14) regulating traffic and issuing citations by means of an automated traffic enforcement system for violations of a:
(a) speed regulation in a residential district;
(b) traffic-control signal's red light directive to stop; or
(c) traffic law in a school zone between the hours of 7:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m., only on school days.
B. No local authority shall erect or maintain any stop sign or traffic-control signal at any location so as to require the traffic on any state highway to stop or yield before entering or crossing any intersecting highway unless approval in writing has first been obtained from the state transportation commission.
C. No ordinance or regulation enacted under Paragraph (4), (5), (6), (7), [or] (10) or (14) of Subsection A of this section shall be effective until signs giving notice of the local traffic regulations are posted upon or at the entrances to the highway or part thereof affected as may be most appropriate."
SECTION 4. Section 66-7-103.1 NMSA 1978 (being Laws 2007, Chapter 368, Section 1) is amended to read:
"66-7-103.1. ADVANCE SIGNAL WARNING REQUIRED.--
A. As used in this section:
[(1) "camera monitor" means a device or instrument that records a visual image of a motor vehicle being operated in violation of a traffic signal's red light directive to stop;
(2)] (1) "controller assembly" means a complete electrical device mounted in a cabinet for controlling the operation of a traffic signal;
[(3)] (2) "rumble strips" means grooves in pavement or rows of raised pavement markers placed perpendicular to the direction of travel in a street or highway lane to alert inattentive drivers to a lane or traffic condition;
[(4)] (3) "traffic signal" means a power-operated traffic control device by which traffic is alternately directed to stop and permitted to proceed; and
[(5)] (4) "warning beacon" means a power-operated traffic control device with one or more signal sections that operates in a flashing mode.
B. When a county or municipality, including a home-rule municipality that has adopted a charter pursuant to Article 10, Section 6 of the constitution of New Mexico, uses [a camera monitor] an automated traffic enforcement system in conjunction with a traffic signal at an intersection or other location to detect violation of the traffic signal's red light directive to stop, the county or municipality shall install, on streets or highways approaching the traffic signal from directions covered by the [camera monitor] automated traffic enforcement system, a warning sign or signs supplemented by a warning beacon or rumble strips.
C. The warning beacon described in Subsection B of this section shall be installed, together with the warning sign or signs, at a location and interconnected with the traffic signal controller assembly in a manner that will cause the beacon to flash yellow during the period when a person driving a motor vehicle passing the beacon at the legal speed for the street or highway will encounter a traffic signal red light, or a queue of motor vehicles resulting from the display of the red light, upon arrival at the signalized location.
D. If rumble strips described in Subsection B of this section are used, they shall be installed, together with warning signs, at a location in advance of a traffic signal so as to provide a driver, moving over the rumble strips at the legal speed for the street or highway, with warning that if the traffic signal is displaying a yellow signal, the driver will encounter a traffic signal red light, or a queue of motor vehicles resulting from the display of the red light, upon arrival at the signalized location.
E. Warning signs used with beacons or rumble strips shall warn a driver that the driver may encounter a traffic signal displaying a red light at an upcoming intersection and that the traffic signal [is photo-enforced] has an automated traffic enforcement system. When used with rumble strips, a warning sign shall be installed facing traffic approaching a signalized location on the near side of the street or highway and, if appropriate, a warning sign shall also be installed facing traffic approaching a signalized location on a median dividing opposite directions of traffic.
F. The warning sign and warning beacon described in Subsection B of this section shall comply with signs and beacons appropriate for the purposes of this section provided in the manual of uniform traffic control devices adopted by the state transportation commission pursuant to Section 66-7-101 NMSA 1978."
SECTION 5. Section 66-8-117 NMSA 1978 (being Laws 1978, Chapter 35, Section 525, as amended) is amended to read:
"66-8-117. PENALTY ASSESSMENT MISDEMEANORS--OPTION--EFFECT.--
A. Unless a warning notice is given, at the time of making an arrest for any penalty assessment misdemeanor, the arresting officer shall offer the alleged violator the option of accepting a penalty assessment. For an automated traffic enforcement system citation, the violator shall have the option of accepting a penalty assessment or appearing in court. The violator's signature on the penalty assessment notice constitutes an acknowledgment of guilt of the offense stated in the notice.
B. Except for penalty assessments made under a municipal program authorized by Section 66-8-130 NMSA 1978, payment of any penalty assessment must be made by mail to the division within thirty days from the date of arrest or notice of an automated traffic enforcement system citation. Payments of penalty assessments are timely if postmarked within thirty days from the date of arrest or notice of an automated traffic enforcement system citation. The division may issue a receipt when a penalty assessment is paid by currency, but checks tendered by the violator upon which payment is received are sufficient receipt.
C. [No] A record of any penalty assessment payment is not admissible as evidence in any court in any civil action."
SECTION 6. Section 66-8-128 NMSA 1978 (being Laws 1978, Chapter 35, Section 536, as amended) is amended to read:
"66-8-128. UNIFORM TRAFFIC CITATION.--
A. The department shall prepare a uniform traffic citation containing at least the following information:
(1) an information section, serially numbered and containing spaces for the name, physical address and mailing address, city and state of the individual charged; the individual's physical description, age and sex; the registration number, year and state of the vehicle involved and its make and type; the state and number of the individual's driver's license; the specific section number and common name of the offense charged under the NMSA 1978 or local law; the date and time of arrest; the arresting officer's signature and identification number; and the conditions existing at the time of the violation;
(2) a notice to appear; and
(3) a penalty assessment notice with a place for the signature of the violator agreeing to pay the penalty assessment prescribed.
B. The department shall prescribe how the uniform traffic citation form may be used as a warning notice.
C. The department shall prescribe the size and number of copies of the paper version of the uniform traffic citation and the disposition of each copy. The department may also prescribe one or more electronic versions of the uniform traffic citation, which may be used in the issuance of citations instead of or with paper uniform traffic citations.
D. Any entity that wishes to submit electronic traffic citations instead of or with paper uniform traffic citations required to be submitted to the department shall secure the prior permission of the department.
E. An electronic version of a uniform traffic citation shall include the same information required to be included in a uniform traffic citation. An electronic version of a uniform traffic citation may be signed electronically, and a law enforcement officer may submit or file with a court an electronic version of a uniform traffic citation if prior permission of the department has been secured. Where the law requires a law enforcement officer to provide a copy of a citation to a person cited or arrested, a physical copy of the citation shall be provided regardless of whether a paper uniform traffic citation or an electronic version of a uniform traffic citation was used.
F. The department shall prepare a uniform automated traffic enforcement system citation and prescribe the procedures by which the citation shall be issued. The citation shall, in addition to the information required by Subsection A of this section, contain at least the following information:
(1) a copy of the image of the vehicle with its license plate visible at the time of the alleged violation;
(2) the date, time and location of the alleged violation;
(3) the signature and identification number of the law enforcement official who verified that the automated traffic enforcement system was operating correctly at the date and time of the alleged violation; and
(4) the signature and identification number of the law enforcement official who reviewed the evidence and swore that there was a violation."
SECTION 7. EFFECTIVE DATE.--The effective date of the provisions of this act is January 1, 2024.
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