HOUSE BILL 482
56th legislature - STATE OF NEW MEXICO - first session, 2023
Jason C. Harper and Craig W. Brandt
RELATING TO REAL PROPERTY; AMENDING THE HOMEOWNER ASSOCIATION ACT TO REQUIRE AMENDMENTS TO GOVERNING DOCUMENTS AND LIMIT THE TIME OF DECLARANT CONTROL.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF NEW MEXICO:
SECTION 1. Section 47-16-4 NMSA 1978 (being Laws 2013, Chapter 122, Section 4) is amended to read:
"47-16-4. RECORDING OR FILING OF HOMEOWNER ASSOCIATION NOTICE AND DECLARATION.--
A. An association organized after July 1, 2013 shall record a notice of homeowner association in the office of the county clerk of the county or counties in which the real property affected thereby is situated no later than thirty days after the date on which the association's declaration is recorded as provided in Section [3 of the Homeowner Association Act] 47-16-3 NMSA 1978.
B. An association organized prior to July 1, 2013 shall, before June 30, 2014, record a notice of homeowner association in the office of the county clerk of the county or counties in which the development is situated.
C. A notice of homeowner association pursuant to Subsection A or B of this section shall fully and accurately disclose the name and address of the association and any management company charged with preparation of a disclosure certificate and shall contain the recording data for the subdivision plat and the declaration governing the lots within the development. A notice of homeowner association pursuant to Subsection A of this section shall also include the public regulation commission number, if any, of the association.
D. If an association fails to record a notice of homeowner association pursuant to this section, the association's authority to charge an assessment, levy a fine for late payment of an assessment or enforce a lien for nonpayment of an assessment shall be suspended until the notice of homeowner association is recorded.
E. Whenever ownership of a major planning area within a master planned community is transferred to a new owner, the community documents shall, within sixty days of the transfer of ownership, be amended and filed with the office of the county clerk of the county or counties in which the major planning area is situated."
SECTION 2. Section 47-16-8 NMSA 1978 (being Laws 2013, Chapter 122, Section 8) is amended to read:
"47-16-8. DECLARANT CONTROL OF BOARD.--
A. Subject to the provisions of this section, the declaration shall provide for a period of declarant control of the association, during which period a declarant, or persons designated by the declarant, may appoint and remove the officers and members of the board.
B. Regardless of the period provided in the declaration, the period of declarant control shall terminate no later than the earlier of:
(1) sixty days after conveyance of seventy-
five percent of the lots that are part of the development and any additional lots that may be added to the development to lot owners other than a declarant;
(2) two years after all declarants have ceased to offer lots for sale in the ordinary course of business;
(3) two years after a development right to add new lots was last exercised; [or]
(4) the day that the declarant or the declarant's designee, after giving written notice to the association, records an instrument voluntarily terminating all rights to declarant control; or
(5) twenty years after the initial filing of a homeowner association notice pursuant to Section 47-16-4 NMSA 1978.
C. Subsection B of this section does not apply to a master planned community.
D. A declarant may voluntarily terminate the right to appoint and remove officers and members of the board before termination of the period of declarant control, but in that event, the declarant may require, for the duration of the period of declarant control, that specified actions of the association or board, as described in a recorded instrument executed by the declarant, be approved by the declarant or the declarant's designee before they become effective.
E. Not later than sixty days after conveyance of twenty-five percent of the lots that are part of the development, and any additional lots that may be added to the development, to lot owners other than a declarant, at least one member and not less than twenty-five percent of the members of the board shall be elected by lot owners.
F. Not later than sixty days after conveyance of fifty percent of the lots that are part of the development, and any additional lot that may be added to the development, to lot owners other than the declarant, no less than thirty-three percent of the members of the board shall be elected by lot owners other than the declarant.
G. Not later than the termination of a period of declarant control, the lot owners shall elect a board of at least three members, at least a majority of whom shall be lot owners. The board shall elect the officers. The board members and officers shall take office upon election.
H. No amendment to the declaration that would limit, prohibit or eliminate the exercise of a development right shall be effective without the concurrence of the declarant.
I. A declarant shall not utilize cumulative or class voting for the purpose of evading any limitation imposed on declarants by the Homeowner Association Act, nor shall lots constitute a class because they are owned by a declarant."
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