SENATE BILL 69
56th legislature - STATE OF NEW MEXICO - second session, 2024
Joseph Cervantes and Andrea Romero
FOR THE COURTS, CORRECTIONS AND JUSTICE COMMITTEE
RELATING TO CRIME; CREATING THE CRIME OF UNLAWFUL SALE OF A FIREARM BEFORE THE REQUIRED WAITING PERIOD ENDS; REQUIRING A FOURTEEN-DAY WAITING PERIOD WHEN CONDUCTING THE SALE OF A FIREARM; PROVIDING EXCEPTIONS; PRESCRIBING PENALTIES.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF NEW MEXICO:
SECTION 1. A new Section 30-7-7.3 NMSA 1978 is enacted to read:
"30-7-7.3. [NEW MATERIAL] UNLAWFUL SALE OF A FIREARM BEFORE REQUIRED WAITING PERIOD ENDS.--
A. There shall be a required waiting period of fourteen business days between the initiation of the federal instant background check required for the sale of a firearm and the transfer of the firearm to the buyer.
B. Unlawful sale of a firearm before the required waiting period ends consists of transferring ownership, possession or physical control of the firearm from the seller to the buyer before the end of the required waiting period.
C. The firearm shall remain in the custody of the seller during the entirety of the waiting period.
D. Records of firearm sales shall be made available by the seller for inspection upon request of a law enforcement agency.
E. The provisions of this section do not apply to the sale of a firearm:
(1) to a buyer who holds a valid federal firearms license;
(2) to a buyer who holds a valid New Mexico concealed carry license;
(3) to a law enforcement agency;
(4) between two law enforcement officers authorized to carry a firearm and certified pursuant to federal law or the Law Enforcement Training Act; or
(5) between immediate family members to the third degree of consanguinity.
F. Each party to an unlawful sale of a firearm before the required waiting period ends is in violation of this section and may be separately charged for the same sale.
G. Each firearm sold contrary to the provisions of this section constitutes a separate offense under Subsection B of this section.
H. Two or more offenses may be charged in the same complaint, information or indictment and shall be punished as separate offenses.
I. Whoever violates the provisions of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor."
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