SENATE JOINT RESOLUTION 11
56th legislature - STATE OF NEW MEXICO - second session, 2024
Ron Griggs and Greg Nibert
A JOINT RESOLUTION
PROPOSING TO AMEND ARTICLE 2, SECTION 13 OF THE CONSTITUTION OF NEW MEXICO TO ALLOW CONDITIONS FOR DENIAL OF BAIL AND FOR PRETRIAL DETENTION, REMOVE THE REQUIREMENT THAT BAIL DENIAL BE MADE ONLY BY A COURT OF RECORD AND REMOVE THE LIMITATION OF BAIL DENIAL TO DEFENDANTS CHARGED WITH A FELONY.
BE IT RESOLVED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF NEW MEXICO:
SECTION 1. It is proposed to amend Article 2, Section 13 of the constitution of New Mexico to read:
"A. All persons shall, before conviction, be bailable by sufficient sureties, except for [capital] offenses when the proof is evident or the presumption great and in situations in which bail is specifically prohibited by this section.
B. Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishment inflicted.
C. Bail may be denied [by a court of record] and a defendant may be detained pending trial [for a defendant charged with a felony] if, after the prosecuting authority requests a hearing, [and proves] the court finds by clear and convincing evidence that [no] a defendant is dangerous and that release conditions will not reasonably protect the safety of any other person or the community. An appeal from an order denying bail shall be given preference over all other matters.
D. A person who is not detainable on grounds of dangerousness nor a flight risk in the absence of bond and is otherwise eligible for bail shall not be detained solely because of financial inability to post a money or property bond.
E. A defendant who is neither a danger nor a flight risk and who has a financial inability to post a money or property bond may file a motion with the court requesting relief from the requirement to post bond. The court shall rule on the motion in an expedited manner."
SECTION 2. The amendment proposed by this resolution shall be submitted to the people for their approval or rejection at the next general election or at any special election prior to that date that may be called for that purpose.