45th legislature - STATE OF NEW MEXICO - first session, 2001
RELATING TO CRIMES; CHANGING THE ELEMENTS OF THE OFFENSE OF CRIMINAL DAMAGE TO PROPERTY; INCREASING PENALTIES; PROVIDING FOR FORFEITURE AND SEIZURE OF PROPERTY USED TO COMMIT CRIMINAL DAMAGE TO PROPERTY; AMENDING A SECTION OF THE NMSA 1978.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF NEW MEXICO:
Section 1. Section 30-15-1 NMSA 1978 (being Laws 1963,
Chapter 303, Section 15-1) is amended to read:
"30-15-1. CRIMINAL DAMAGE TO PROPERTY--PENALTIES--RESTITUTION.--
A. Criminal damage to property consists of
entering upon and intentionally damaging, firing a weapon upon
and intentionally damaging or otherwise intentionally damaging
any] the real or personal property of another without the
consent of the owner of the property.
Whoever] If a person commits criminal damage to property
and the damage to the property amounts to one thousand dollars
($1,000) or less, the person is guilty of a petty misdemeanor,
[ except that when the damage to the property amounts to more
than one thousand dollars ($1,000), he is guilty of a fourth
degree felony] and may be required to perform at least sixty
hours of court-ordered community service. If a person commits
criminal damage to property a second time within a twenty-four-month period following the first conviction, the person
is guilty of a misdemeanor and may be required to perform at
least one hundred hours of court-ordered community service and
pay a fine of not less than two thousand dollars ($2,000).
B. If a person commits criminal damage to property and the damage to the property amounts to more than one thousand dollars ($1,000), the person is guilty of a fourth degree felony and shall be sentenced in accordance with Section 31-18-15 NMSA 1978.
C. If a person commits criminal damage to property, the person may be required to provide restitution and pay punitive damages to the owner of the property."
Section 2. A new section of the Criminal Code, Section 30-15-1.2 NMSA 1978, is enacted to read:
"30-15-1.2. [NEW MATERIAL] SEIZURE AND FORFEITURE OF PROPERTY--PROCEDURE--EXCEPTION.--
A. Property, including a vehicle, equipment or tool, used to commit the offense of criminal damage to property pursuant to Section 30-15-1 NMSA 1978 is subject to seizure and forfeiture.
B. Property subject to seizure and forfeiture pursuant to this section may be seized by a law enforcement officer:
(1) upon an order of the district court in the county having jurisdiction over the offense; or
(2) without a court order if:
(a) the seizure is incident to an arrest; or
(b) the law enforcement officer has probable cause to believe that the property was used to commit the offense of criminal damage to property.
C. In the event of a seizure of property pursuant to Subsection B of this section, proceedings in accordance with the Rules of Civil Procedure for the District Courts and Subsection D of this section shall be instituted promptly.
D. A proceeding brought pursuant to this section shall be in rem. The claim shall not be filed against the owner of the seized property or another person and shall be filed only as a civil case. Property seized pursuant to the provisions of this section shall not be subject to replevin, but is deemed to be in the custody of the agency employing the law enforcement officer who seized the property, subject only to an order and decree of the district court. The agency having custody of the property seized shall remove the property to a place designated by that agency for disposition in accordance with law. Property forfeited due to a conviction for committing the offense of criminal damage to property shall be sold at public auction pursuant to a court order. Proceeds from the sale of the forfeited property shall be used to pay restitution to the victim of the criminal act. If, after payment of restitution, proceeds remain from the sale of the forfeited property, those proceeds shall be forwarded to the state treasurer for credit to the crime victims reparation fund pursuant to Section 31-22-21 NMSA 1978.
E. No property shall be subject to forfeiture if the owner of the property establishes that the offense of criminal damage to property pursuant to Section 30-15-1 NMSA 1978 was committed without his knowledge or consent. Forfeiture of a motor vehicle encumbered by a recorded bona fide security interest shall be subject to the interest of the secured party if the secured party did not have knowledge of or did not consent to its use to commit the offense of criminal damage to property pursuant to Section 30-15-1 NMSA 1978."