RELATING TO LONG-TERM CARE; ENACTING THE PATIENT CARE MONITORING ACT; ESTABLISHING AUTHORIZATION AND USE OF MONITORING DEVICES; PROVIDING FOR WAIVERS; PROVIDING FOR ENFORCEMENT AND PENALTIES.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF NEW MEXICO:
Section 1. SHORT TITLE.--This act may be cited as the "Patient Care Monitoring Act".
Section 2. DEFINITIONS.--As used in the Patient Care Monitoring Act:
A. "agency" means the state agency on aging;
B. "facility" means a long-term care facility licensed pursuant to the provisions of Section 24-1-5 NMSA 1978, other than an intermediate care facility for the mentally retarded, and may also include:
(1) a skilled nursing facility;
(2) an intermediate care nursing facility;
(3) a nursing facility;
(4) an adult residential shelter care home;
(5) a boarding home;
(6) any adult care home or adult residential care facility; and
(7) any swing bed in an acute care facility or extended care facility;
C. "monitoring device" means a surveillance instrument that broadcasts or records activity, but does not include a still camera;
D. "patient" means a person who is a resident of a facility;
E. "program" means the New Mexico long-term care ombudsman program; and
F. "surrogate" means a legal guardian or a legally appointed substitute decision-maker who is authorized to act on behalf of a patient.
Section 3. MONITORING DEVICE--AUTHORIZATION AND USE.--
A. A patient or a surrogate may authorize installation and use of a monitoring device in a facility provided that:
(1) the facility is given notice of the installation;
(2) if the monitoring device records activity visually, such recording shall include a record of the date and time;
(3) the monitoring device and all installation and maintenance costs are paid for by the patient; and
(4) written consent is given by each patient or surrogate of each patient occupying the same room.
B. The patient may establish and the facility shall accommodate limits on the use, including the time of operation, direction, focus or volume, of a monitoring device.
Section 4. MONITORING DEVICE OPTION--INSTALLATION--ACCOMMODATION BY FACILITY.--
A. At the time of admission to a facility, a patient shall be offered the option to have a monitoring device, and a record of the patient's authorization or choice not to have a monitoring device shall be kept by the facility and shall be made accessible to the program.
B. After authorization, consent and notice, a patient or surrogate may install, operate and maintain a monitoring device in the patient's room at the patient's expense.
C. The facility shall cooperate to accommodate the installation of the monitoring device, provided the installation does not place undue burden on the facility.
Section 5. CONSENT--WAIVER.--
A. Consent to the authorization for the installation and use of a monitoring device may be given only by the patient or the surrogate.
B. Consent to the authorization for the installation and use of a monitoring device shall include a release of liability for the facility for a violation of the patient's right to privacy insofar as the use of the monitoring device is concerned.
C. A patient or the surrogate may reverse a choice to have or not have a monitoring device installed and used at any time, after notice to the facility and to the program upon a form prescribed by the agency.
Section 6. AUTHORIZATION FORM--CONTENTS.--The form for the authorization of installation and use of a monitoring device shall provide for:
A. consent of the patient or the surrogate authorizing the installation and use of the monitoring device;
B. notice to the facility of the patient's installation of a monitoring device and specifics as to its type, function and use;
C. consent of any other patient or that patient's surrogate sharing the same room;
D. notice of release from liability for privacy violation through the use of the monitoring device; and
E. waiver of the patient's right to privacy in conjunction with the use of the monitoring device.
Section 7. IMMUNITY--UNAUTHORIZED USE.--
A. In any civil action against the facility, material obtained through the use of a monitoring device may not be used if the monitoring device was installed or used without the knowledge of the facility or without the prescribed form.
B. Compliance with the provisions of the Patient Care Monitoring Act shall be a complete defense against any civil or criminal action brought against the patient, surrogate or facility for the use or presence of a monitoring device.
Section 8. NOTICE TO CURRENT PATIENTS.--Within six months of the effective date of the Patient Care Monitoring Act, all facilities shall provide to each patient or surrogate a form prescribed by the agency explaining the provisions of the Patient Care Monitoring Act and giving each patient or surrogate a choice to have a monitoring device installed in the patient's room. Copies of the completed form shall be kept by the facility and shall be made accessible to the program.
Section 9. NOTICE.--The facility shall post a notice in a conspicuous place at the entrance to a room with a monitoring device that a monitoring device is in use in that room of the facility.
Section 10. RULES.--The agency shall adopt rules necessary to implement the provisions of the Patient Care Monitoring Act.
Section 11. PROHIBITED ACTS.--No person or patient shall be denied admission to or discharged from a facility or be otherwise discriminated against or retaliated against because of a choice to authorize installation and use of a monitoring device. Any person who violates this section shall be subject to the provisions of Section 28-17-19 NMSA 1978.
Section 12. CRIMINAL ACTS.--Any person other than a patient or surrogate found guilty of intentionally hampering, obstructing, tampering with or destroying a monitoring device or a recording made by a monitoring device installed in a facility pursuant to the Patient Care Monitoring Act is guilty of a fourth degree felony and shall be sentenced pursuant to Section 31-18-15 NMSA 1978.