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SPONSOR Madalena
HB HB102
SHORT TITLE New Mexico Tribal Cooperative Extension Centers SB
APPROPRIATION (dollars in thousands)
or Non-Rec
General Fund
(Parenthesis ( ) Indicate Expenditure Decreases)
LFC Files
Responses Received From
Energy, Minerals, and Natural Resources Department (EMNRD)
Indian Affairs Division (IAD)
Department of Health (DOH)
Public Education Department (PED)
New Mexico State University (NMSU)
Synopsis of Bill
House Bill 102 appropriates $1,000,000 for expenditure in Fiscal year 2007, to the New Mexico
State University Board of Regents for the cooperative extension service for start-up costs of eight
proposed tribal cooperative extension centers to provide a base for intercultural youth programs,
health-based programs and natural resource and agricultural information services that are cur-
rently not available in the targeted New Mexico tribal communities.
The appropriation of $1,000,000 contained in this bill is a recurring expense to the general fund.
Any unexpended or unencumbered balance remaining at the end of fiscal year 2007 shall revert
to the general fund.
According to Indian Affairs Division, total start up cost to develop the eight centers is estimated
House Bill 102 – Page
at $3.0 million. This appropriation of $1.0 million will be used towards these “start-up” costs.
W.K. Kellogg Foundation has given a $150,000 grant towards this project. Tribal entities have
also committed in-kind contributions.
This initiative started two years ago.
This program funding is listed among New Mexico State University Board of Regents’ legisla-
tive priorities for the 2007 fiscal year, although at the $250,000 level.
The New Mexico Tribal Cooperative Extension Program, under the auspices of the New Mexico
State University, was created for the express purpose of developing community-based education
programs, conducting research, sponsoring demonstrations at rural farm locations, and providing
technical assistance to tribal communities and schools. The Tribal Extension mission is to coor-
dinate existing Cooperative Extension services and to develop new programs and research efforts
that are designed by tribal advisory committees to better serve the Indian tribes in New Mexico.
Because of limited federal funding and resources, most of these communities have had limited
access to Cooperative Extension Service. This is particularly true of people who have relied on
farming as their primary way of life. It is therefore, very critical that every effort be made to ex-
tend NMSU Cooperative Extension educational programs and other services including those of-
fered by the 1994 Land Grant Tribal Colleges to local tribal farmers and ranchers.
Grassroots efforts can be particularly effective in developing tribal agriculture, natural resources
and assisting families through outreach education, and the need to assure outreach that is cultur-
ally, economically, and socially relevant to the unique tribal communities.
A task force, “New Mexico Tribal Extension Task Force” was formed in 2004 to develop tribal
cooperative extension centers. The task force is a diverse group of all 22 New Mexico Tribes and
Pueblos, New Mexico State University, three N.M. 1994 Tribal College land grant institutions,
Commission on Indian Affairs, Indian Affairs Department, Farm to Table, the NM Food and Ag-
riculture Policy Council, Santa Fe Indian School, the School for the Deaf, USDA Risk Manage-
ment Education Program, and the USDA Farm Service Agency.
This task force addresses the development of community-based education programs to:
revitalize indigenous agriculture (including agriculture related business and economic
skills to help farmers and ranchers market their products to schools, farmers’ markets,
events, restaurants and other retail outlets):
Native American retain about 7.8 million acres of Indian Trust Lands or
reservations comprising about 10% of New Mexico. New Mexico’s Na-
tive Americans still primarily occupy their original homelands, which has
helped them retain traditional knowledge and evolve unique languages.
provide economic opportunities
House Bill 102 – Page
Native Americans children are twice as likely to be in poverty as all U.S.
races. The median household income of Native Americans is 70 percent
that of all US races
improve the health and nutrition of individuals, families and communities (including
health education of healthy food choices, food preparation, diabetes, health and nutrition
resources for all families including senior citizen centers)
The biggest killers for Native Americans are alcoholism, diabetes, and
suicide. Type II diabetes is a particular problem among Native American
Implement culturally appropriate youth leadership projects and promote tradition, culture
and indigenous language projects:
The Indian Health Service recently reported that there are more than 800
Native American gangs nationwide in reservation and urban communities.
This incidence is attributed to the deterioration of traditional values and
lack of cultural integration and connection to the land among youth and
young adults. The incidence of substance abuse and related mental health
problems is highest among the Native American population of Northwest
New Mexico (DOH, Epidemiology and Response Division, 2003). Pro-
grams that target Native American Youth development and health are
critical to helping address public health concerns for this population.
School dropout rates are highest for Native American students compared
to all other populations. High school dropout rates average 50 percent and
college dropout rates approach 65 percent. Among Native American col-
lege freshmen, the average dropout rate is 79 percent in New Mexico.
Tribal Cooperative Extension programs are designed to reverse the negative patterns of cultural
disintegration by revitalizing traditional indigenous agricultural, family, and natural resource res-
toration practices. The traditional Native culture serves as a foundation for strengthening com-
munity, creativity, and pride. In many traditional Indian cultures, agriculture serves as an every-
day expression of cultural identity and a mechanism for continuing traditions and sustaining
tribal community. Extension programs will be designed to promote the development of strong
self-assured youth through leadership experiences, training, creative self-expression, and com-
munity service.
Major Goals and Objectives:
The goal of the New Mexico Cooperative Tribal Extension Program initiative is to plan
for the establishment of 8 regional Tribal Extension Centers in New Mexico. Once established,
these Centers will make available to all 22 Tribal communities Cooperative Extension programs
and services. The goals of the program are as follows:
To initiate the New Mexico Tribal Cooperative Extension Programs.
House Bill 102 – Page
To strengthen the relationship with the federal and state Cooperative Extension Service
units, the 22 Indian tribes in New Mexico, and other Indian and non-Indian organizations.
To produce a five-year NM Tribal Cooperative Extension strategic plan of work that pri-
oritizes community based initiatives.
To establish Tribal Cooperative Extension centers on tribal reservations and schools in
New Mexico.
To develop and implement the four major Cooperative Extension program areas of (1)
Agriculture and Natural Resource Management, (2) 4-H Youth and Youth Leadership
development, (3) Community Resource, Economic Development, and Leadership Devel-
opment, and (4) Strengthening Family, Health, Nutrition and Resource Management in
tribal communities.
To develop a funding mechanism that will guarantee continued support from federal,
state, and tribal funds using a matching formula system.
To develop and implement a Native American Cooperative Extension Education and
Training Program that offers college level credit courses in selected areas.
A formal evaluation will be conducted at the end-of-the-project year to assess the success of the
Cooperative Tribal Extension Program. The evaluation model will involve both formative and
summative activities. The formative evaluation activity will include documenting monthly meet-
ings of the Tribal Cooperative Extension Steering Committee and Task Force to review progress
and accomplishments. The summative evaluation activity will include an end-of-the-year as-
sessment of the program. Evaluation and participant feedback forms will be used to develop a
summative progress report.
The fully funded Tribal Extension Initiative calls for the addition of 35 to 40 FTE, Extension
faculty and staff at a total investment of $3.05 million. This request of $1,000,000 will support 4
to 6 FTE. Native American professionals will be hired into these positions. Tribal Extension
staff, agents, and local volunteers will help to implement educational and community-based pro-
grams. NMSU’s Tribal Extension agents will be linked with subject matter specialists in the
field and on campus to teach sound educational programs and serve as resources for local com-
The basic mission of the tribal Cooperative Extension Service will remain the same--to work
with grassroots people to improve their lives and communities. Developing partnerships with
local community groups, local governments, federal agencies, and the land grant universities and
tribal colleges will be an essential element of the Tribal Cooperative Extension Service. Exten-
sion Programs will reach the whole range of people that provide benefits to infants, youth, adults,
and the elderly. The broad categories of Extension Program areas also allow staff to provide a
House Bill 102 – Page
very wide range of services. Some of the services provided include programs in tourism, diabe-
tes prevention, cultural and language preservation, programs for at-risk youth through 4-H clubs,
farming and range management, economic development, and teaching the life skills in home im-
provement, community gardening, money management and home economics.
According to the Energy, Minerals, and Natural Resources Department, this bill may indirectly
benefit the Forestry Division’s pest management program with CES. The Division’s program
tracks activities that assess, detect, prevent and suppress pest infestations and disease conditions
on state and private forestlands in New Mexico. Providing technical expertise to tribal communi-
ties would enhance the program effectiveness.
The five extension Indian reservation programs at the College of Agriculture and Home
Economics at NMSU will continue to provide services to tribal communities with no additional
The companion grant from W.W. Kellogg Foundation for $150,000 for start up costs of these
centers might expire and would have to be leveraged again in the future.
Where are the eight centers to be located within the State.