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2/15/06 HB 409/HJCS/aSJC/aSCORC
SHORT TITLE Payday Load Fees and Regulations
REVENUE (dollars in thousands)
Estimated Revenue
or Non-Rec
Recurring General Fund
(Parenthesis ( ) Indicate Expenditure Decreases)
Companion to SB 488
FY08 3 Year
Total Cost
or Non-Rec
$10-$110 $10-$110 $20-$220 Recurring General
(Parenthesis ( ) Indicate Expenditure Decreases)
LFC Files
Responses Received From
Regulation and Licensing Department (RLD)
Synopsis of SCORC Amendments
The Senate Corporations and Transportation Committee amendments strike the Senate Judiciary
Amendments (below), and return the bill to the “Substitute Bill” state as described under “Syn-
opsis of Substitute Bill.”
House Bill CS/409/HJCS/aSJC/aSCORC – Page
Synopsis of SJC Amendments
Senate Judiciary Committee amendments to the
HJC substitute of
House Bill 409, “
Payday Load
Fees and Regulations” made the following changes:
Removed the provision that a payday loan could be made for a term of less than 14 days
should “the consumer and licensee agree in writing to a shorter term.” (page 29)
Provided that a licensee can not (rather than may not as in the substitute bill) charge or receive
from a
consumer, directly or indirectly, fees or charges except as
Removed the allowance of administrative fees to be owed on payday loan products.
Added two new sections to the Small Loan Act:
A “Duties of Division” section providing Financial Institutions and Securities Di-
vision responsibility to:
Maintain a list of licensees, and establish a complaint process
Compile an annual legislative report with statistics regarding payday loan
lending practices in New Mexico including financial summaries of the
amount of funds being lent and for what amounts, including previous year
comparison numbers.
A “Payday Lending Enforcement Fund” section which providing for:
A non-reverting fund with an appropriation of $1,000,000.
Use of fund dollars for prosecution and investigation of Small Loan Act
Deleted two existing sections of the Small Loan Act, 58-15-15 “Precomputation of
Charges Permitted” and 58-15-19 “Loans under other laws.”
Synopsis of Substitute Bill
The House Judiciary Committee Substitute for House Bill 409 proposes to amend the New Mex-
ico Small Loan Act of 1955 to addresses small loan licensees payday type loan requirements,
permitted charges, prohibited acts, collection practices, and additional required disclosures.
If enacted, the bill would:
Define a payday loan and renewed payday loan as: “A loan in which the licensee negoti-
ates a personal check tendered by the consumer and agrees in writing to defer present-
ment of the check until the consumer’s next payday or another date agreed to by the li-
censee and the consumer”
Money advances or credit arrangements or extensions of credit for which the li-
censee accepts a dated personal check or debit authorization for the purpose of re-
paying a payday loan or holding a dated instrument prior to negotiating or depos-
iting, paying the consumer, or another person the amount to the instrument actu-
ally paid in exchange for a fee finance charge or other consideration.
And excluding:
Overdraft products and services offered by banking corporations, savings and
loan association or credit union and installment loans (pg. 4).
Increase the small loan lender licensee fee and renewal fee from five hundred dollars
$500 to seven hundred and fifty dollars $750 (pg. 13).
Increase the annual examination fee from two hundred dollars $200 to four hundred dol-
lars $400 (pg. 14).
Require licensees to provide the borrower, if requested, a statement in Spanish with the
House Bill CS/409/HJCS/aSJC/aSCORC – Page
amount of the loan, payment descriptions, dates, name of licensed office, amount of prin-
cipal, agreed rate of charge, and all other state and federal disclosures (pg. 23).
Add a section regarding payday loans requirements providing (pg 29):
That a licensee cannot make a loan to a consumer with outstanding payday loans
exceeding $1,500.00 or thirty percent of the consumer’s gross monthly income,
whichever is less,
The consumer is limited to 2 outstanding payday loans, and no loans for consum-
ers under a payday loan repayment plan (pg. 30),
That payday loans can have a minimum term of 14 days and a maximum of 35
days, and
That there should be a scheduled pay date for the consumer within the term of the
payday loan and the right to rescind the payday loan transaction.
Amend the Small Loan Act section “Fees and Costs” and “Payday Loan Products” to:
Cap delinquency fees to 5 cents per dollar and total delinquency charges on any
installment to 10 dollars (pg. 27)
Caps the number of delinquency fees charged to one per installment, regardless of
the number of periods the particular installment is late.
Cap the maximum fee amount that a payday lender can charge. For a new loan,
for the first $300.00 the lender may charge $17.00 per $100.00, $15.00 per addi-
tional $100.00 up to $500.00, and an additional $13.00 per hundred up to
$1,500.00. If the consumer renews the payday loan, the lender may charge, for
the first $300.00, $15.00 per $100.00, $13.00 per additional $100.00 up to
$500.00, and an additional $11.00 per hundred up to $1,500.00. The lender can
only charge one $15.00 fee for insufficient funds to pay the payday loan (pg. 32).
Prohibit certain practices when a small loan licensee makes payday type loans, such as
(pg 35-37):
The licensee could not use the criminal process to collect on a payday loan,
The licensee could not charge a fee to cash a check representing the proceeds of a
payday loan and the licensee cannot have more than one payday loan to a con-
sumer at a time for all licenses operated under the same trade name.
Agency or partnership agreements are prohibited if they are used as a scheme or
contrivance to circumvent the Act.
The new section also addresses additional consumer protections.
Limit payday loan renewal to one time (pg. 38).
Require the licensee to allow a consumer that has renewed a payday loan one time to en-
ter a repayment plan which allows the consumer to payoff the payday loan in equal in-
stallments up to 98 days fee free (pg. 38).
Require the consumer to have a 7 day waiting period before entering into a new payday
loan agreement if certain conditions are met (pg. 39).
Require the Director of the Financial Institutions Division to certify a commercially rea-
sonable method of verification to be used by payday lenders in order for them to meet the
requirements of the bill regarding payday loans (pg. 39).
Require additional disclosures on a payday loan document (pg. 43).
Make the effective date of the changes November 1, 2006 (pg. 44).
According to RLD, the proposed bill would generate additional revenue for FY07 with the in-
House Bill CS/409/HJCS/aSJC/aSCORC – Page
crease in original and renewal license fee from $500.00 to $750.00 and the increase in examina-
tion fees from $200.00 to $400.00.
Revenue estimate is based only on the increased dollar amount of the renewal license and ex-
amination fees and not the total revenue generated. Currently there are over 700 small loan li-
censees. With the new provisions regarding Payday lending, estimates regarding how many li-
censees would choose not to renew their license indefinite, however therefore; an estimate of 600
is used for the calculation.
License increase of $250.00/license, number of (renewals estimated at 600): $150,000.00
Reduced by the loss of 100 licensees ($500*100) ($50,000.00)
Examinations increase of $200.00/exam (estimated at 600) $120,000.00
Reduced by the loss of 100 licensees ($200*100) ($20,000.00)
Total $200,000.00
RLD asserts that there may be additional budget impact beginning in FY07. The Financial Insti-
tutions Division projects that it could need to hire more examiners to monitor the licensees for
compliance with the provisions of the bill.
Estimated cost per examiner:
Salary @ $30,000 + 30% benefits $39,000
Office space @ 150 sf @ $20 per sf 3,000
Per Diem @ $275 per week times 26 weeks 7,150
Car 6,000
Estimated cost per examiner $55,150
The estimated additional operational impact above has been estimated based on the increased
workload for the new requirements costing in the range of $10 thousand (some increased work-
load, potentially contracted) to $110 thousand (hiring an additional 2 examiners 350 licen-
It is not clear how many businesses which currently make payday loans would continue to do so
under the proposed provisions and therefore it is unknown how much revenues and oversight
would change with the proposed amendments.
Workload for the Financial Institutions Division and how the licensee pool could increase or de-
crease with the proposed changes depending upon the level of licensee pool changes which result
from the proposed regulations.
According to the Office of the Attorney General, subsection (A) would increase the total amount
of debt that consumers may incur and would place consumers at greater financial risk. OAG as-
serts that most states limit payday loans to $500.00. The amendment triples that typical limita-
OAG further asserts that:
Subsection (C), which removes the 14-day minimum loan term, would permit the lender
House Bill CS/409/HJCS/aSJC/aSCORC – Page
and borrower to agree in writing to a term shorter than 14 days. This amendment signifi-
cantly increases the cost to borrowers of this loan product. At a 14-day term, the permit-
ted $17 per $100 borrowed equates to 443% APR. If the loan is, e.g., for a 3-day term,
the APR is 2,068%. Consideration of the APR permitted by the provisions of HB 409 is
important. The federal Truth-in-Lending Act requires disclosure of finance charges, in-
cluding an Administrative Fee such as the one contemplated by this proposed legislation,
so that consumers have the opportunity for “an informed use of credit.” 15 USC 1601(a).
“It is the purpose of [the Truth-in-Lending Act] to assure a meaningful disclosure of
credit terms so that the consumer will be able to compare more readily the various credit
terms available to him and avoid the uninformed use of credit, and to protect the con-
sumer against inaccurate and unfair credit billing and credit card practices.” Id. The de-
scription of this finance charge as an “Administrative Fee” appears to circumvent the in-
tent of the federal Truth-in-Lending Act to provide consumers with a uniform system of
disclosure that will permit meaningful comparisons of the cost of credit.
OAG cites:
Section 13, 58-15-33 as a section which would result in an increase in finance charges to
the consumer, again increasing the effective APR of the loan transaction.
Subsection (E) adds a new “electronic verification fee” amount, to be determined
by Director, that could be charged upon execution of a new payday loan.
Subsection (G) adds a prohibition on more than one redeposit of a rejected check
or electronic debit without the consumer’s consent. This provision protects the consumer
from the existing abusive practice of repeated re-deposits and related bank fees.
If more examiners are needed to monitor compliance with the bill, but funds are not appropri-
ated, examiners currently on staff may need to also monitor compliance with this bill in addition
to their current examination responsibilities. This could affect the Financial Institutions Divi-
sion’s performance measure of examination turnaround in 30 days.
Starting in FY07 the Financial Institutions Division may need to redistribute, or hire examiners
to monitor for compliance with the bill. According to RLD, it is difficult to determine what ef-
fect the new provisions of the bill will have regarding the number of small loan licensees.
The Financial Industries Division will have the additional responsibilities of indexing the Ad-
ministrative Fee to the CPI at least every three years; promulgating regulations for the consumer
reporting service and determining an appropriate fee to be charged consumers for verification
through the consumer reporting service.
House Bill 409 relates to Senate Bills 548, 475, 448 and 636. The bill also relates to NMAC 18-
12-4 “Mandatory Signage for Payday lenders and title loan companies.
House Bill CS/409/HJCS/aSJC/aSCORC – Page
The substitute bill removes military-specific provisions included in the originally-introduced bill.
According to RLD, the rules promulgated by the Attorney General regarding Payday lending are
significantly different than the proposed bill. The Attorney General’s rule becomes effective on
2-25-06 and the provisions of the bill become effective 11-1-06.
OAG cites the following sections and potential problems:
Section 12 The description of the finance charge as an “Administrative Fee” appears to cir-
cumvent the intent of the federal Truth-in-Lending Act to provide consumers with a uniform sys-
tem of disclosure that will permit meaningful comparisons of the cost of credit.
Section 13 The requirement that the administrative fee be fully earned and nonrefundable
may violate the Federal Rebate Act, 15 U.S.C. 1615(a), in certain circumstances. The Act pro-
vides that “If a consumer prepays in full the financed amount under any consumer credit transac-
tion, the creditor shall promptly refund any unearned portion of the interest charge to the con-
sumer.” The only exception to this is for refunds that are less than $1.00.
The NM Small Loan Act will be maintained in its current state. Payday loan businesses would
not be required additional disclosures, caps on fees and charges, maximum loan amount, or other
restrictions which would be imposed by this bill.
What is the significance of the proposed start date of November 1, 2006.
How are the attorney general rules different than the proposed bill.
How many inspectors currently oversee small loan lenders. How many businesses does
each inspector typically oversee. What additional workload or time commitment per in-
spection is expected based on the new requirements included in this bill.