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2/06/06 HB HJM 1/aHGUAC
APPROPRIATION (dollars in thousands)
or Non-Rec
(Parenthesis ( ) Indicate Expenditure Decreases)
LFC Files
Responses Received From
Indian Affairs Department (IAD)
Department of Finance and Administration (DFA)
Department of Health (DOH)
Energy Minerals and Natural Resources Department (EMNRD)
Synopsis of HGUAC amendment
The House Government and Urban Affairs Committee amendment makes the following changes:
1. On page 1, line 11, after "TO" strike the remainder of the line, strike line 12 and insert in lieu
2. On page 2, line 20, after "to" strike the remainder of the line, strike lines 21 through 25 and
insert in lieu thereof:
"convene a task force to study the many facets of consultation among tribal, state, federal and
local government entities in New Mexico and provide recommendations to improve meaningful
consultation with tribes; and
House Joint Memorial 1/aHGUAC - Page
BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the task force be composed of one representative each from
the public regulation commission; the New Mexico association of counties; the New Mexico
municipal league; the office of the state engineer; the interstate stream commission; the children,
youth and families department; the economic development department; the human services
department; the energy, minerals and natural resources department; the department of
environment; the aging and long-term services department; the taxation and revenue department;
the public education department; the department of health; the labor department; the tourism
department; the New Mexico department of agriculture; the department of transportation; the
cultural affairs department; and the veterans' services department; and
BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the recommendation be made to invite government-to-
government and interagency agreement through communications among members of the task
force; and
BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the task force present its recommendations on strategies
and protocols to establish meaningful tribal consultation in New Mexico to the interim legislative
Indian affairs committee by its October 2006 meeting; and".
3. On page 3, line 2, after the first occurrence of "the" insert "leaders of each New Mexico
tribe, pueblo and nation, the".
4. On page 3, line 3, after "committee" strike the remainder of the line, strike line 4 up to the
period and insert in lieu thereof ", affected state agencies and state and local governments with
significant tribal involvement".
The changes better define what entities need to be part of the consultation in development of
protocol practices, offer a specific timeline for completion of the project and designate the Indian
Affairs Committee to receive the final report.
Synopsis of Original Bill
House Joint Memorial 1 (HJM1) requests the Indian Affairs Department draft a protocol for
meaningful tribal consultation between federal, state, and local governments and tribal entities,
and to promulgate appropriate rules for tribal consultation.
The Indian Affairs Department notes:
In 2003, Governor Richardson and 21 of New Mexico’s Tribal leaders (out of 22 Tribes) signed
a Statement of Policy and Process. The Statement of Policy and Process “recognizes and
respects the sovereignty of each nation,” while recognizing the “importance of full and open
communication and cooperation on issues of shared interest and concern .... And requires an
open-door policy for [Indian Nations, Tribes] and Pueblos to voice concerns and discuss issues
and to have the [Indian Nations, Tribes] and Pueblos’ views seriously considered with respect to
the formulation and execution of State policy.”
The Statement of Policy and Process states the Governor and Indian Nations, “agree to establish
procedures setting forth the framework to coordinate a cooperative and joint effort to address
House Joint Memorial 1/aHGUAC - Page
issues identified by the Governor and [Indian Nations, Tribes] and Pueblos, to seek mutually
beneficial solutions and outcomes, and to avoid litigation.” IAD and all other state agencies are
charged to ensure that the Statement of Policy and Process will be honored to the fullest extent.
Building on the principles set forth in the Statement or Policy and Process, Governor Richardson
issued Executive Order 2005-004 (“EO”) Statewide Adoption of Pilot Tribal Consultation Plans
on February 1, 2005. The EO directed 17 executive agencies to adopt a pilot tribal consultation
plan to address a specific area of the agency’s operations that involve interaction with tribal
governments, communities, and/or tribal members within New Mexico. The intent of the EO is
to review different models for tribal consultation and to determine the most effective ways to
communicate, confer, and consult with tribal governments and communities.
All 17 departments submitted their proposals to the Governor’s office on July 1, 2005 and
progress reports were submitted on October 1, 2005. The state departments are in various stages
in the refinement or implementation of their respective tribal consultation pilot plans. Some of
these pilot plans include annual tribal summits, quarterly state-tribal institutes, and development
of internal department protocols. Such plans were drafted after consultation with the New
Mexico Tribes.
Examples of recent government-to-government initiatives, as a result of such consultation
-State Health and Human Services Tribal Consultation Meeting
-State Indian Education Summit
-State-Tribal Water Institute
-Tribal Economic Development Summit
Additionally, Governor Richardson also signed the State of New Mexico Executive Department
Policy Regarding Tribal Consultation on the Protection of Sacred Places and Repatriation
(“Policy”) on March 3, 2005. The Policy sets forth a tribal consultation process for a Major
State Action at issue to be followed in order to assure that tribal governments have a sufficient,
ongoing, and meaningful opportunity for productive participation in the State’s planning and
decision-making process.
In order to draft a tribal consultation protocol, the Indian Affairs Department would have to
coordinate with all twenty-two Indian Tribes, Nations and Pueblos of New Mexico, all state
agencies, federal, and local governments. This effort will require at least a year to develop a
draft protocol.
HJM1 fails to outline a timeline for the completion of this project. Moreover, there is no
mandate that the Indian Affairs Department actually consult with the New Mexico Tribes in the
establishment of such consultation protocol. Finally, no direction is given to the Department as
to which agency or body the finalized protocol should be presented.
As a result of the work completed in previous years, several NM Departments, including Human
Services and the Department of Health, have already established their own Tribal Consultation
protocols. If the IAD establishes one tribal consultation protocol for all state agencies, such
other agency protocols will need be amended or revised.
House Joint Memorial 1/aHGUAC - Page
HJM 1 directs the IAD to establish protocol, in part, for federal interaction with tribes. The State
of New Mexico does not have the authority to mandate that any federal agency follow a protocol
established by a state agency or rules promulgated by the same.
ENMERD offers the following regarding the tribal consultation policies:
The second, Executive Order No. 2005-003, requires state agencies to adopt a framework for
effective tribal consultation regarding the protection of Tribal sacred places and repatriation to
assure that tribal governments have a sufficient, ongoing and meaningful opportunity for
productive participation in the State’s planning and decision-making processes. This Executive
Order was the result of lengthy study and analysis by many state and Tribal participants through
the Tribal-State Working Group and is directed to the following state agencies: EMNRD,
NMED, Dept. of Cultural Affairs, Department of Game and Fish, GSD, Interstate Stream
Commission, State Engineer Office, DOT and adjunct and administratively attached agencies.
EMNRD has implemented this Executive Order as directed by the Governor, but has received no
comments from IAD, or any affected Tribal entity that EMNRD has not offered meaningful
consultation under it. In fact, although not required by the Executive Order, EMNRD extended
an invitation to the Mescalero Apache Tribe to meet with it involving an exploratory mining
permit application by Great Western Exploration for the Sullivan Ranch site, which is in the
“Monticello Box,” a native area that is north of the town of Winston, New Mexico. The Tribe did
not pursue the invitation.
HJM 1 recites that the Interim Indian Affairs Committee heard testimony that consultation
between federal, state and local governments have not been meaningful, yet does not identify if
that alleged failure occurred at the state, federal or local level. As discussed above, EMNRD’s
attempts at consultation have received positive feedback.
HJM 1 notes that, in recent cases, proponents of projects before the Cultural Properties Review
Committee of the Department of Cultural Affairs were required to engage in consultation with
tribal entities regarding those projects. Although not cited, consultation over the impacts on
Tribes from construction of underground parking at the proposed location of the new Santa Fe
Convention Center resulted in a resolution of issues of concern to certain Northern Pueblos
(avoidance of Native American burials) ruins in the excavation of the underground parking
structure. This suggests the current process may, in fact, be working and not require institution of
a regulatory framework, but, instead, improved methods for communication.
IAD does not have statutory authority to bind the federal government or local governments by its
regulations with respect to laws it is not charged with enforcing. Further, IAD does not have
statutory authority to enact rules to place additional regulatory requirements on state agencies
absent specific statutory authority to impose such requirements. Many state agencies are required
to follow a fixed set of statutory criteria in approving and issuing permits and licenses and must
do so within a fixed period of time. The Executive Orders require state agencies to address Tribal
concerns, but not at the expense of following state law and were prepared in recognition of these
limitations. Each state agency has unique statutory and regulatory authority and unique missions
and it is not feasible for one set of regulations to apply across many different statutory and
regulatory authorities throughout state government.
Furthermore, Executive Order No. 2005-003 applies only in the instance of projects partially or
wholly financed with state funds or involving state lands (excluding State Trust Lands), federal
House Joint Memorial 1/aHGUAC - Page
lands or Tribal lands. This is significant because if private lands are involved, the state could be
exposed to takings claims for imposing requirements without authority under state law. Again,
this was an important consideration when the Executive Orders were prepared and again, points
to the need to address any issues on an agency-by-agency basis, rather than through a uniform set
of regulations.
IAD would need to consult with state agencies before promulgating any rules and, preferably, in
lieu of a House Joint Memorial directing promulgation of such rules, IAD should be directed to
convene a working group to analyze and make recommendations on improving consultations
under the current Executive Orders.
IAD notes an alternative is to have the department continue working with all appropriate state
agencies in the implementation of their already drafted and approved tribal consultation pilot
plans. A final review of the pilot plans and implementation may yield sound recommendations
to further strengthen the government-to-government relationship.